Iliolumbar veins have a high frequency of variations

Kiray A., AKÇALI Ö., Guvencer M., Tetik S., Alici E.

CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH, no.425, pp.252-257, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier


The spectrum of individual anatomic variations of the vascular structures are broad, however, the exact incidence of variations of the lumbosacral vein is obscure. In the current study, 38 iliolumbar veins were dissected from 19 formaldehyde-preserved male cadavers. The drainage pattern of the iliolumbar vein was determined. The diameter and the length of the iliolumbar vein were measured, and the relationships of the iliolumbar vein with the lumbosacral trunk, obturator nerve, and iliolumbar artery were ascertained. Means and standard deviations were used as descriptive measures to define variations among the cases. The iliolumbar vein or veins were detected in both sides of all 19 cadavers. Five drainage patterns were seen between the iliolumbar vein and the lumbosacral major veins. In only five cadavers, symmetric drainage patterns were seen on the left and the right sides. In our study, two drainage patterns were seen that were not previously reported. Anatomic variations of the iliolumbar vein are numerous and should be considered to avoid complications when doing surgery.