Do demographic and obstetric characteristics affect fetal health locus of control among high-risk pregnancies? A Turkish sample

Akbağ N. N. A., ALUŞ TOKAT M., Özöztürk S., Uğur G.

Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science, vol.23, no.2, pp.438-446, 2024 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.3329/bjs.v23i2.62742
  • Journal Name: Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.438-446
  • Keywords: Fetal health, high-risk pregnancies, locus of control
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Objectives Fetal health locus of control has been indicated to effect how mothers approach their health beliefs and health-related decisions. The purpose of this study was to determine the fetal health locus of control (FHLC) level in high-risk pregnancies and to evaluate the factors affecting FHLC in high-risk pregnancies. Materials and methods The descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with high-risk pregnant women. A total of 221 participants were included. Results and Discussion It was shown that The Internality Locus of Control was low and The Chance-Based Locus of Control was high in high-risk pregnant women. The current age of women and the age of their first pregnancy had a positively relationship with Powerful Others Locus of Control (FHLC-P). Although FHLC scores of multigravidas were higher than primiparous, no significant difference was found. Besides, there was a significantly higher FHLC-C score in women who did not change their exercise habits during pregnancy (p=0.008). Although the FHLC-I score was higher in women, who made changes in nutrition habits, it was determined that it was not significant. Conclusion The results of fetal health locus of control in high-risk pregnancies will lead to women who have high-risk pregnancies taking responsibility for adapting to the treatment process, taking into account the controls and making lifestyle changes, rather than leaving the situation to fate.