Ancestry estimation of three Mediterranean populations based on cranial metrics

Creative Commons License

Kranioti E. F., Garcia-Donas J. G., CAN İ. Ö., Ekizoglu O.

FORENSIC SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL, vol.286, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 286
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2018.02.014
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: Forensic anthropology, Ancestry estimation, Cranial measurements, Mediterranean populations, Forensic identification, Forensic Anthropology Population Data, SEXUAL-DIMORPHISM, RELIABILITY
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


The estimation of ancestry is an essential benchmark for positive identification of heavily decomposed bodies that are recovered in a variety of death and crime scenes. This is especially true when reconstructing the biological profile of the deceased as most methods for sex, age and stature estimation are population-specific. Ancestry estimation methods vary from traditional morphological assessment of cranial features and biometric quantification to computer-aided shape analysis and classification with specialised software. The current paper aims to explore population differences between three neighbouring countries (Greece, Cyprus and Turkey) that have been in constant interaction through conflicts and population movements from the ancient past to the present day, through cranial measurements.