The Future of the European Union on the Basis of Flexible Integration and the Place of Turkey: Possible Scenarios


Besgur E. C., UTKULU U.

ANKARA AVRUPA CALISMALARI DERGISI-ANKARA REVIEW OF EUROPEAN STUDIES, vol.18, no.2, pp.325-364, 2019 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Journal Name: ANKARA AVRUPA CALISMALARI DERGISI-ANKARA REVIEW OF EUROPEAN STUDIES
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.325-364
  • Keywords: Flexible (differentiated) integration, multi-speed Europe, a la carte Europe, European Union, Turkey-EU relations, DEMOCRACY
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The concept of flexible integration is essential for more efficient and effective management of diversity in the European Union (EU). In this study, it is anticipated that as a result of the crises in the EU, it will evolve into more flexible structure that pragmatically implements different flexible integration models without depending on a single model in the future. This study aims to emphasize the need for flexible integration in the future of the EU and to reveal Turkey's place in the future of the EU. In this direction, Turkey's place in the future of the EU was examined through possible scenarios. The paper concludes that the Trade Partnership scenario, in which the full membership goal of Turkey is maintained, provides opportunities for both sides.