REPERFUSION INJURY AFTER DETORSION OF UNILATERAL TESTICULAR TORSION


AKGUR F., KILINC K., AKTUG T.

UROLOGICAL RESEARCH, vol.21, no.6, pp.395-399, 1993 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 1993
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/bf00300075
  • Journal Name: UROLOGICAL RESEARCH
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier
  • Page Numbers: pp.395-399
  • Keywords: OXYGEN FREE RADICALS, REPERFUSION INJURY, TESTIS TORSION, EXPERIMENTAL VARICOCELE, BLOOD-FLOW, ISCHEMIA, TESTIS
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Reperfusion injury has been well documented in organs other than testis. An experimental study was conducted to investigate reperfusion injury in testes via the biochemical changes after unilateral testicular torsion and detorsion. As unilateral testicular torsion and varicocele have been shown to affect contralateral testicular blood flow, reperfusion injury was studied in both testes. Given that testicular blood flow does not return after 720-degrees testicular torsion lasting more than 3 h, the present study was conducted after 1 and 2 h of 720-degrees torsion. Adult male albino rats were divided into seven groups each containing ten rats. One group served to determine the basal values of biochemical parameters, two groups were subjected to 1 and 2 h of unilateral testicular torsion respectively, two groups were subjected to detorsion following 1 and 2 h of torsion respectively, and two groups underwent sham operations as a control. Levels of lactic acid, hypoxanthine and lipid peroxidation products were determined in testicular tissues. Values of these three parameters obtained from the sham operation control groups did not differ significantly from basal values (P > 0.05). All three parameters were increased significantly in both ipsilateral and contralateral testes after unilateral testicular torsion when compared with basal values (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively). Detorsion caused significant changes in lipid peroxidation products levels in ipsilateral but not in contralateral testes when compared with values obtained after torsion (P < 0.01 and P > 0.05, respectively). It is concluded that ipsilateral testicular torsion causes a decrease in perfusion not only in the ipsilateral but also in the contralateral testis. Additionally, detorsion following up to 2 h of 720-degrees torsion causes reperfusion injury in ipsilateral but not in contralateral testis.