Level of Self-Esteem and Related Factors among First Grade University Students in Healthcare Sağlık Alanında Birinci Sınıf Üniversite Öğrencilerinde Benlik Saygısı Düzeyi ve İlişkili Etmenler

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Istanbul Aydin University, vol.5, no.1, pp.143-155, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


Objective: Self-esteem is expressed as self-respect, self-confidence and self-acceptance. This

study aims to determine the self-esteem level of first grade university students in healthcare

fields and related factors. This study is instructive in terms of identifying the factors affecting the

self-esteem of future healthcare professionals and looking for solutions for the problems with a

multidisciplinary approach.

Materials and Methods: The population of the cross-sectional study consists of first year

students from Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine, School of Physical Therapy and

Rehabilitation and Vocational School of Health Services. We aimed to reach the entire universe

(n=1039) without making a sample selection and 836 students participated in this study. The data

were collected with a questionnaire created using the literature and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem


Results: 82.5% of the students had high self-esteem. It was determined that students who study

in physiotherapy and who lived in villages in their childhood had higher self-esteem (p<0.05).

Significant relation was found between the student’s perception of self-income and health

status, parents’ education level, father’s job, parents’ living together, family’s perception of the

economic situation, and high self-esteem (p<0.05). Self-esteem level decreased significantly as

body mass index (BMI) increased (p<0.05). Those students who did not drink alcohol, had good

social relations with their families and friends and were happy to spend time on social media had

higher self-esteem (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Some sociodemographic, familial and anthropometric characteristics of students,

positive relationship with their family, friends and social media affect the level of self-esteem. In

order to solve the lifestyle and social problems that affect students’ self-esteem, it is recommended

to create an educational environment that protects mental health and to provide social support.