Performance of upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor treating wastewaters containing carbon tetrachloride


WORLD JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY, vol.17, no.9, pp.839-847, 2001 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2001
  • Doi Number: 10.1023/a:1013899323700
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.839-847
  • Keywords: anaerobic, biotransformation, carbon tetrachloride, granulation, granule, upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor, 1,1,1-TRICHLOROETHANE, BIOTRANSFORMATION, DEGRADATION, RATES
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


The anaerobic biodegradation of carbon tetrachloride (CT) was investigated during the granulation process by reducing the hydraulic retention time, increasing the chemical oxygen demand (COD) and CT loadings in a 2 1 laboratory-scale upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor. Anaerobic unacclimated sludge and glucose were used as seed and primary substrate, respectively. Granules were developed 4 weeks after start-up, which grew at an accelerated rate for 8 months, and then became fully grown. The effect of operational parameters such as influent CT concentrations, COD, CT loading, food to biomass ratio and specific methanogenic activity (SMA) were also considered during granulation. The granular sludge cultivated had a maximum diameter of 2.1 mm and SMA of 1.6 g COD/g total suspended solid (TSS) day. COD and CT removal efficiencies of 92 and 88% were achieved when the reactor was firstly operating at CT and COD loading rates of 17.5 mg/l day and 12.5 g/l day, respectively. This corresponds to hydraulic retention time of 0.28 day and food to biomass ratio of 0.5 g COD/g TSS day. Kinetic coefficients of maximum specific substrate utilization rate, half velocity coefficient, growth yield coefficient and decay coefficient were determined to be 2.4 x 10(-3) mg CT/TSS day(-1), 1.37 mg CT/l, 0.69 mg TSS/mg CT and 0.046 day(-1), respectively for CT biotransformation during granulation.