ASSESSMENT AND MONITORING OF REHABILITATION STUDIES ON COAL MINE DUMP SITE WITH UAV'S


Kun M.

APPLIED ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, vol.17, no.4, pp.7381-7393, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.15666/aeer/1704_73817393
  • Journal Name: APPLIED ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.7381-7393
  • Keywords: mining, reclamation, plant index map, UAV, TGI, VARI, RECLAMATION
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Today, the rapidly increasing environmental awareness and the need for available space posed environmentally sensitive change of mining activities and created the target of producing alternative economic values in the fields it is used. For this reason, especially for the last two decades, in the context of the rehabilitation and reactivation in the nature of open-cast mines whose production is either finisher or ongoing, nature restoration work after mining activities have gained momentum. In terms of country and regional planning studies, in the mining activities especially carried out in large areas, the rehabilitation of the sites in terms of the preservation and sustainability of the natural balance within the area is of great importance. With advanced technological equipment, remote sensing systems, unmanned aerial vehicles and increasing data processing techniques, it is possible to follow up the mining initiatives and rehabilitation works carried out especially in large areas. In this way, transaction tracking and success percentages of transactions can be revealed. In the study prepared for this purpose, a sample coal operation was taken into consideration and the rehabilitation works carried out especially at the dump sites were examined As a result of the study, the adaptation of the species planted to the nature and the survival percent obtained were revealed. In addition to this, the rehabilitation processes on the dump sites were monitored with the help of plant index maps obtained by using unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and photogrammetric software and the success of applied methods was evaluated.