Gender Differences in the Phenomenological Characteristics of Self-Defining MemoriesGender Differences in the Phenomenological Characteristics of Self-Defining Memories


BOYACIOĞLU BAL İ.

STUDIES IN PSYCHOLOGY-PSIKOLOJI CALISMALARI DERGISI, vol.35, no.1, pp.1-14, 2015 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Journal Name: STUDIES IN PSYCHOLOGY-PSIKOLOJI CALISMALARI DERGISI
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-14
  • Keywords: Self-defining memories, gender, memory characteristics
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The aim of present study is to examine the gender differences in memory characteristics including vividness, rehearsal, emotional valence, and emotional intensity for self-defining memories. Data were collected through a web-based survey and a total of 602 persons (282 women, 320 men) aged between 16 and 64 participated to the study. Results of one-way covariance analysis, using age as a covariate indicated that women had higher scores on positive emotional valence, whereas they had lower scores on negative emotional valence than men. These findings seem inconsistent with the literature suggesting that women's autobiographical memories are more likely to be associated with negative emotions, whereas they support the notion that gender differences in the autobiographical memory characteristics vary depending on memory types or dominant social and emotional themes of memories.