A 3-D model study for 2/1 twill and 3/1 twill weaves

Turan R. B., OKUR A.

INDIAN JOURNAL OF FIBRE & TEXTILE RESEARCH, vol.38, no.3, pp.251-258, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.251-258
  • Keywords: 3-D fabric, B-spline curve, Geometrical modeling, Skewness, Twill weave, B-SPLINES, REPRESENTATION, SIMULATION
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, the 3-D geometry of 2/1 twill and 3/1 twill weaves have been studied in order to obtain realistic twill weave models by using certain structural parameters of the fabric such as settings and yarn linear density. The inherent skewness of twill fabrics in the floating region has been taken into consideration for modeling. The path of the floating and intersecting regions of the yarn center axis within fabric is first modeled as linear inside a rectangular prism while forming the 3-D geometry of twill weaves. Then B-spline method is used to define the 3-D path of the yarn with a smooth curve. The theoretical crimp factor and mass per unit area of the 2/1 twill and 3/1 twill fabrics have calculated from the obtained B-spline curves of 3-D fabric and they are compared with the experiment results. Besides, the visual 3-D simulations of twill weaves are also formed. The experimental results verify the results obtained from the 3-D model. Depending on structural parameters and inherent skewness property, reliable twill weave models are achieved which would be helpful in computer applications.