Determining climate classifications and producing climate border maps with GIS of Muğla province on the southern Aegean Sea coast of Türkiye

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ARCA D., Keskin Citiroglu H.

Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00704-024-04954-2
  • Journal Name: Theoretical and Applied Climatology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, IBZ Online, PASCAL, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Artic & Antarctic Regions, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Environment Index, Geobase, Index Islamicus, INSPEC, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Climate is defined by the average of meteorological events observed over an extended period in a region, expressing the weather conditions of that area. Numerous scientists have developed various climate classifications. The fundamental purpose of these classifications is to distinguish different types of climates and thereby reveal similarities between regions. Such classifications can be based on factors like temperature and precipitation patterns. Understanding climate characteristics enables us to determine the boundaries of different climate types. This, in turn, is crucial for ensuring the sustainable use of regional resources and shaping land use plans. This study evaluates the process of creating climate boundary maps for Muğla province. Various climate classification methods, including Thornthwaite, Trewartha, Erinç, De Martonne, Köppen─Geiger, and Köppen, are comprehensively examined and compared. Our findings indicate that each method offers different approaches to defining Muğla’s climate, each with its unique advantages and limitations. For instance, while the Thornthwaite method provides detailed data, the Köppen─Geiger method offers a more generalized approach. The results suggest that combining various climate classification methods helps in more accurately and comprehensively mapping the climate boundaries of Muğla province. This study underscores the importance of integrating these diverse methods to contribute to the determination of climate boundaries and regional planning processes.