OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENT SERIES FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF FORENSIC MEDICINE IN TURKEY: A FIVE YEARS RETROSPECTIVE STUDY.


Karanfil Kalkan E. D., Özkara E.

ROMANIAN JOURNAL OF LEGAL MEDICINE, vol.31, pp.110-114, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.4323/rjlm.2023.110
  • Journal Name: ROMANIAN JOURNAL OF LEGAL MEDICINE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.110-114
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Abstract: Occupational accidents (OA) cause many deaths or injuries and have severe individual and social

consequences, despite being preventable public health problems. Our study aims to obtain regional up-to-date data, risky

working areas and the effects of COVID-19 pandemic, guide for preventive measures.

The data was obtained retrospectively from the university hospital in Izmir, Turkey, from January 1, 2016, to

December 31, 2020. Parameters include socio-demographic characteristics, injury type/localization, and sector. SPSS 24.0

was used for statistical analysis.

The total number of cases included in the study was 186. Results indicated that 92% of the cases were male, most cases

was working as a construction worker (29%), most of the accidents occurred in the building-construction sector (33.4%), and

common mechanism of injuries was with cutting/penetrating/crushing tool (32.3%). Upper extremity injuries were the most

common body parts (n:100). The bone fracture occurred in 61.3% of all cases and had a high rate (83.8%) of injured by falling

from a height (p=0.002).

This study revealed that the building-construction sector is one of the riskiest areas. Traffic accidents were more

frequent in our study than in the literature. The regional characteristics of OA need to be evaluated and the COVID-19

pandemic may increase OA exposure in some occupational groups like motorcycle couriers. It is necessary to reveal the

environmental and social factors that cause OA and to take precautions.

Keywords: forensic traumatology, medicolegal evaluation, occupational accidents.