Removal of Antimony(III) and Antimony(V) from water samples through water-soluble polymer-enhanced ultrafiltration

Dundar O. A., Mehenktas C., ARAR Ö.

ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, vol.215, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 215
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.envres.2022.114324
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Artic & Antarctic Regions, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Computer & Applied Sciences, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, Greenfile, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: No


Addressing antimony (Sb) contamination, which is caused by the use of Sb compounds in various industries, is crucial. This study aims to compare two different Sb removal mechanisms: ion exchange and chelation. There-fore, two different water-soluble polymers-glycidyl methacrylate-N-methyl-D-glucamine and poly 2-(acryl-oyloxy)ethyl trimethylammonium chloride-were synthesized and used to remove Sb(III) and Sb(V) using the polymer-enhanced ultrafiltration (PEUF) method. The removal of Sb(III) was pH-dependent and extremely difficult at a pH of 1.2. However, when the pH of the solution was increased to 11, the Sb(III) removal rate increased to 77%. The Sb(III) removal rate was 28% at an Sb(III):polymer mole ratio of 1:5, which increased to 77% at a mole ratio of 1:20. Sb(III) removal was discovered to be unaffected by the low concentrations of Na+, K+, Ca2+, and Mg2+ ions in the solution, maintaining a Sb(III) removal rate of 77%. The test parameters showed different characteristics for Sb(V) removal. Increasing the pH of the solution from 1 to 9 correspondingly increased the removal rate from 0% to 45%, but increasing it further to 11 decreased the removal rate to 14%. The removal rate of Sb(V) was 67% at a Sb(V):polymer mole ratio of 1:60. Sb(V) removal was discovered to be unaffected by low concentrations of SO42-, NO3-, and PO43- anions in the solution. However, notably, the Sb(V) removal rate decreased from 67% to 58% in the presence of Cl ions. The results demonstrate that Sb removal via chelation was more effective than by ion exchange, and it remained unaffected by the presence of interfering ions.