A Novel Eco-friendly Colorant and Dyeing Method for Poly(ethylene terephthalate) Substrate


GEDİK G., Avinc O., YAVAŞ A., Khoddami A.

FIBERS AND POLYMERS, vol.15, no.2, pp.261-272, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12221-014-0261-5
  • Journal Name: FIBERS AND POLYMERS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.261-272
  • Keywords: Madder, PET, Natural mordant, Chemical mordant, Natural dyeing, DERMOCYBIN NATURAL ANTHRAQUINONES, LIGHT FASTNESS, INDIAN MADDER, DYES, COTTON, WOOL, POLYESTER, TEMPERATURE, EXTRACTION, SORPTION
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Although madder (Rubia tinctorum) has been used as a well-known natural textile dye source for dyeing of natural fibers such as wool, silk and cotton, 100 % polyester dyeing with madder is not common. In this study, polyester samples were dyed with madder at different dyeing temperatures, from 60 degrees C to 130 degrees C, in company with 7 chemical and 5 natural mordants. Color properties and rub, light and wash fastness performances were investigated. Different shades of orange, brown, pink and reddish green colors were obtained. Dyeing at 130 C exhibited the highest color yield, the highest chroma and the lowest lightness values. Overall, chemical mordants exhibited higher color yields than natural mordants. High wash fatness, moderate light and rub fastness levels were observed. The potassium bitartrate and gallnut, a natural mordant, exhibited the best results. The madder dyeing of polyester should be carried out at hot temperature conditions, 130 degrees C, in order to obtain the highest achievable color yield and chroma with the highest light and wash fastness properties.