Multidimensionality of exclusionary violence: A case of anti-Gypsy violence in Turkey


Ozatesler G.

ETHNICITIES, vol.17, no.6, pp.792-815, 2017 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1468796813518206
  • Journal Name: ETHNICITIES
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.792-815
  • Keywords: Gypsyness, Gypsy stigma, social categories, exclusionary violence, Turkey, nationalism
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This article aims to explore the forced dislocation of immigrant Gyspy townspeople from a Turkish town, Bayramic, Canakkale in 1970. It focuses on the workings of social categories of Turkishness and Gypsyness through this exclusionary violent case, how they were re-employed and reproduced exclusively in conjunction with Turkish nationalism. It was the time of socio-economic transformation and rise in populist-nationalist discourses in Turkey. In the town, the reflections of this historical context demonstrated the transformation in power allocation and competing personal interests in highway transportation and forestry. Eventually, the attacks started as Drivers' Fight but turned into Gypsy hunt with the effects of socio-economic competition and interests, the employment of historical stigma of Gypsyness and terrorization of the perpetrators in the town.