Synthesis, characterization, thermal and optical properties of styrene derivatives having pendant p-substituted benzylic ether groups


Erol I., Ozcan L., YURDAKAL S.

JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY, vol.114, no.1, pp.377-385, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

Abstract

The derivatives of styrene monomer, 4-chlorophenyl-4-vinylbenzyl ether (M1), 4-methoxyphenyl-4-vinylbenzyl ether (M2), 4-ethylphenyl-4-vinylbenzyl ether (M3) and 1-naphtylphenyl-4-vinylbenzyl ether (M4) were synthesized. The normal free radical polymerization of monomers in 1,4-dioxane were performed by using 2,2'-azobisisobutyronitrile as an initiator at 65 A degrees C. The monomers and their homopolymers were characterized by FT-IR, NMR and elemental analyses measurements. The thermal stability of polymers was investigated by thermogravimetric and differential scanning calorimetric analysis. Thermal degradation activation energies of the polymers were calculated by the Ozawa and Kissinger methods. In addition, photo-stability tests of the polymers under near-UV irradiation were performed.