Enhancing selectivity in photocatalytic formation of p-anisaldehyde in aqueous suspension under solar light irradiation via TiO2 N-doping


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YURDAKAL S., Augugliaro V., Loddo V., Palmisano G., Palmisano L.

NEW JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, vol.36, no.9, pp.1762-1768, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1039/c2nj40394c
  • Journal Name: NEW JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1762-1768
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: No

Abstract

The photocatalytic partial oxidation of 4-methoxybenzyl alcohol to the corresponding aldehyde (p-anisaldehyde) was performed under simulated solar irradiation by using home prepared N-doped TiO2 catalysts. The photocatalysts were prepared by a sol-gel method, using TiCl4 as TiO2 precursor and NH4Cl, urea or NH4OH as N-doping sources. A commercial TiO2 (Degussa P25) was also used for comparison aims. The prepared catalysts were characterized by BET specific surface area, XRD, ESEM and UV-vis spectroscopy. The reactivity results show that (i) the doped catalysts are predominantly amorphous, and they show selectivity values far higher than those of the corresponding undoped ones and of well crystallized catalysts - even if the last ones show a higher activity - and (ii) exploitation of solar light significantly increases the reaction selectivity. In addition, different light sources were also used in order to investigate the effect of radiation wavelength ranges on the reactivity and selectivity to aldehyde.