Correlation of serum C1q-tumour necrosis factor-related protein 5 levels with metabolic parameters and carotid intima-media thickness in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus patients

Ucar I. M. B., Calan M., Tatar E., Chousein R., Fenercioglu O. E., Bozkaya G., ...More

HORMONES-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM, vol.19, no.4, pp.559-564, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s42000-020-00223-9
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.559-564
  • Keywords: Type 2 diabetes mellitus, CTRP5, Carotid intima-media thickness, Hs-CRP, BMI, HOMA-IR, CTRP5, EXPRESSION, INFLAMMATION, ASSOCIATION, OBESE
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: No


Purpose Recent studies have shown that cytokines secreted from adipose tissues play a role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). CTRP5 (C1q-TNF-related protein 5) is a novel adipokine that has been shown to be associated with glucose and lipid metabolism. Varying levels of CTRP5 have been reported in individuals with diabetes, obesity and coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to examine serum levels of CTRP5 and to show the relationship with cardiometabolic parameters in T2DM patients. Method The study included 40 T2DM patients and 40 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects. All the study participants were evaluated with respect to BMI, waist circumference, lipid profile, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), serum CTRP5 levels, carotid intima-media thickness, and hs-CRP. Results No statistically significant differences were found between the control group and the diabetic group in terms of age, sex, or BMI. Serum CTRP5 levels (T2DM = 94.55 +/- 28.70 ng/ml, control = 76.02 +/- 27.22 ng/ml,P = 0.004*) were significantly higher in the group of newly diagnosed diabetic patients. A positive correlation was found between CTRP5 and the cardiometabolic parameters of carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), hs-CRP, HOMA-IR and BMI. Regression analysis results showed that CTRP5 levels were independently correlated with insulin resistance estimated by HOMA-IR. Conclusion Serum CTRP5 levels were correlated with cardiometabolic parameters and could therefore be a promising indicator of metabolic status and a possible biomarker of insulin resistance. However, the contradictory results reported in different studies indicate the need for further research to assess the significance of CTRP5 for diagnosis and monitoring of treatment efficacy.