A new tool to assess amnestic mild cognitive impairment in Turkish older adults: virtual supermarket (VSM)

Boz H. E., Limoncu H., Zygouris S., Tsolaki M., Giakoumis D., Votis K., ...More

AGING NEUROPSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITION, vol.27, no.5, pp.639-653, 2020 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/13825585.2019.1663146
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Abstracts in Social Gerontology, AgeLine, CINAHL, EMBASE, Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.639-653
  • Keywords: Amnestic mild cognitive impairment, computerized cognitive testing, serious games, virtual environments, virtual shopping task, ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE, INSTRUMENTAL ACTIVITIES, TRAINING APPLICATION, AMERICAN-ACADEMY, SCREENING TOOL, REALITY, VALIDATION, DEMENTIA, VALIDITY, MEMORY
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


The purpose of this study was to investigate cognitive functioning by administering the Virtual Supermarket (VSM) test in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI, N = 37) and age and education-matched healthy controls (HCs, N = 52). An extensive neuropsychological test battery and the VSM were administered to all participants. The aMCI group exhibited lower performance and required more time to complete the VSM compared to HCs. Also, aMCI-Multiple Domain (aMCI-MD) patients performed worse in the "Correct Types", "Correct Quantities", "Bought Unlisted", "Correct Money" variables compared to HCs. Moreover, aMCI-SD patients displayed lower performance in "Bought Unlisted" and "Correct Money" variables compared to HCs. The VSM variables correlated with established neuropsychological test scores. The VSM test was found to discriminate between aMCI and HCs with a correct classification rate (CCR) of 81%. This is a preliminary study showing that the VSM is a valid, brief and user-friendly test. .