The effect of the closed intravenous catheter system on first insertion success, indwelling time, and complications in pediatric hematology and oncology patients: A randomized controlled study


European Journal of Oncology Nursing, vol.67, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 67
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ejon.2023.102430
  • Journal Name: European Journal of Oncology Nursing
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, ASSIA, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Keywords: Catheter, Closed intravenous catheter system, Complication, Hematology, Indwelling time, Oncology, Pediatric
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose: The primary purpose of this research is to evaluate the effect of two different catheter systems (closed IV catheter system: BD Nexiva™, peripheral open IV catheter: BD Insyte™ Autoguard™) on first insertion success, catheter indwelling time, and the catheter complications. Method: This randomized controlled study used a single-blind and parallel trial design guided by the CONSORT checklist. The “Peripheral Intravenous Catheter (PIVC) Bundle” was applied to all patients. A total of 214 catheters of 38 patients were included in the intervention (BD Nexiva™) (n = 107 catheter) and control (open IV catheter) groups (n = 107 catheter) of the study. The indwelling time and PIVC complications were followed. Results: The mean age of the patients in the study group was 5.9 ± 2.2, and the mean age of the patients in the control group was 5.7 ± 1.9. The PIVC was successfully placed in 68.2% of the patients in the study group and in 65.4% of the patients in the control group at the first attempt. It was determined that the indwelling time was 4.9 ± 3.9 (max. 20.25 days) in the study group and 2.9 ± 2.8 (max. 11.25 days) days in the control group. The complication rates were found to be 86.8 for the study group and 166.9 for the control group in 1000 catheter days. In this study, no difference was found in terms of complication. Conclusions: The PIVC indwelling time is longer in patients with the closed IV catheter system. These new technology PIVCs can be used for this special patient population. identifier: NCT05769452.