Strengthening of non-seismically detailed reinforced concrete beam-column joints using SIFCON blocks

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MISIR İ. S., Kahraman S.

SADHANA-ACADEMY PROCEEDINGS IN ENGINEERING SCIENCES, vol.38, no.1, pp.69-88, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12046-013-0127-3
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.69-88
  • Keywords: Non-seismically detailed RC beam-column joint, shear failure of joint, seismic strengthening, strengthening of joints using SIFCON blocks, RETROFIT, DESIGN
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


This article aims to propose a novel seismic strengthening technique for non-seismically detailed beam column joints of existing reinforced concrete buildings, typical of the pre-1975 construction practice in Turkey. The technique is based on mounting pre-fabricated SIFCON composite corner and plate blocks on joints with anchorage rods. For the experimental part three 2/3 scale exterior beam column joint specimens were tested under quasi-static cyclic loading. One of them was a control specimen with non-seismic details, and the remaining two with the same design properties were strengthened with composite blocks with different thickness and anchorage details. Results showed that the control specimen showed brittle shear failure at low drift levels, whereas in the strengthened specimens, plastic hinge formation moved away from column face allowing specimens to fail in flexure. The proposed technique greatly improved lateral strength, stiffness, energy dissipation, and ductility.