Reducing the fuel consumption and emissions with the use of an external fuel cell hybrid power unit for electric taxiing at airports

Kececi M., ÇOLPAN C. Ö., Karakoc T. H.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.47, no.95, pp.40502-40512, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 95
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2022.04.279
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Artic & Antarctic Regions, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Environment Index, INSPEC
  • Page Numbers: pp.40502-40512
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Airport ground operations have a great impact on the environment. Various innovative solutions have been proposed for aircraft to perform taxi movements by deactivating their main engines. Although these solutions are environmentally beneficial, onboard and external electric taxiing solutions that are actively used and planned to be used in airports are not completely carbon-free. The disadvantages of the existing solutions can be alle-viated by using an external fuel cell hybrid power unit to meet the energy required for taxiing that does not put additional weight on the aircraft. To reveal the power and energy required by the system, Airbus A320-200, which is a narrow-body aircraft and frequently used in airports, has been considered in this study. To determine the physical re-quirements of the aircraft for taxiing, a total of 900 s taxi-out movement consisting of four different periods with different runway slope, headwind, and maximum speeds were examined. According to the determined physical requirements, the conceptual design of the proposed fuel cell battery system was created and the physical data of the system for each period were obtained using the Matlab Simulink environment. As a result of the simulation, it is seen that the system consumes approximately 1.96 g of hydrogen per second. In addition, it has been calculated that 578.34 kg of CO2 is emitted during the taxi -out movement. The results also show that as a result of using the proposed system, approximately 14.6 million tons of CO2 emission per year can be prevented.(c) 2022 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC.