Multi-disciplinary earthquake researches in Western Turkey: Hints to select sites to study geochemical transients associated to seismicity


İnan S., ERTEKİN K., Seyis C., Simsek S., Kulak F., Dikbas A., ...More

ACTA GEOPHYSICA, vol.58, no.5, pp.767-813, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 58 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.2478/s11600-010-0016-7
  • Journal Name: ACTA GEOPHYSICA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.767-813
  • Keywords: seismically activated geochemical transients, geochemical monitoring sensitive sites, Aegean Extensional Province, Turkey, SOIL-GAS RADON, KOBE EARTHQUAKE, ANOMALIES, PRECURSOR, GROUNDWATER, WATER, PREDICTION, SYSTEM, GRABEN, SOUTH
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Warm and hot spring water as well as soil gas radon release patterns have been monitored in the Aegean Extensional Province of Western Turkey, alongside regional seismic events, providing a multi-disciplinary approach. In the study period of 20 months, seven moderate earthquakes with M (L) between 4.0 and 4.7 occurred in this seismically very active region; two earthquakes with magnitude 5.0 also occurred near the study area. Seismic monitoring showed no foreshock activity. By contrast, hydro-geochemical anomalies were found prior to these seismic events, each lasting for weeks. The anomalies occurred foremost in conjunction with dip-slip events and seem to support the dilatancy and water diffusion hypothesis. Increased soil gas radon release was recorded before earthquakes associated with strike-slip faults, but no soil radon anomalies were seen before earthquakes associated with dip-slip faults. Geochemical anomalies were also noticeably absent at some springs throughout the postulated deformation zones of impending earthquakes. The reason for this discrepancy might be due to stress/strain anisotropies.