Photon-Induced Photoacoustic Streaming Activation of the Postbleaching Antioxidant Application Rapidly Improves Bonding to Pulp Chamber Dentin

Yilmaz N. A., Ozkan H. D.

PHOTOBIOMODULATION PHOTOMEDICINE AND LASER SURGERY, vol.39, no.4, pp.289-296, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Objective: This study explored whether the erbium/yttrium/aluminum/garnet (Er:YAG) laser irradiated through the photon-induced photoacoustic streaming (PIPS) method would impact on the resin bonding to pulp chamber dentin when used to activate bleaching and/or postbleaching antioxidant treatment. Materials and methods: One hundred five dentin samples prepared from freshly extracted human incisors were randomly assigned to seven groups (n = 15): control (no bleaching/antioxidant); CB (conventional bleaching only); MB (modified bleaching only); CB-NI (conventional bleaching+antioxidant with needle irrigation); MB-NI (modified bleaching+antioxidant with needle irrigation); CB-PIPSI (conventional bleaching+antioxidant with PIPS-activated irrigation); and MB-PIPSI (modified bleaching+antioxidant with PIPS-activated irrigation). Bleaching (40% hydrogen peroxide) lasted for 20 min. Modified bleaching groups were irradiated with Er:YAG laser using the PIPS tip (2940 nm, 0.90 W, 30 Hz, 30 mJ/pulse, 50-mu sec pulse duration) during the first 60 sec of the procedure. The antioxidant treatment with 10% sodium ascorbate lasted for 60 sec. PIPS-activated antioxidant groups were irradiated with Er:YAG laser using the PIPS tip (2940 nm, 0.30 W, 15 Hz, 20 mJ per pulse, 50-mu sec pulse duration) throughout the procedure. After completing the composite restorations, all samples were subjected to 5000 thermocycling and the shear bond strength (SBS) test at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. SBS data were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test with Bonferroni correction (proportional to < 0.05). Results: No significant difference was detected among the control, CB-PIPSI, and MB-PIPSI (p > 0.05), which presented a significantly higher SBS compared with the other groups (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Irrespective of the application mode of the initial bleaching, PIPS-activated irrigation of the antioxidant improved SBS to bleached dentin to the level of the control in 1 min. Postbleaching antioxidant treatment combined with the PIPS method might be a promising approach to enable immediate resin restoration of bleached dentin.