In this study, the influences of matrix flowability, fiber mixing procedure, and curing conditions on the mechanical properties of Engineered Cementitious Composites (ECC) made with High Tenacity Polypropylene (HTPP) fibers are investigated. While the HTPP-ECC examined in this study possesses moderate compressive strengths (30-70 MPa), their tensile ductility (1.91-3.91%) is similar to that of ECC with Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA) fibers. For the purpose of controlling matrix flowability, different dosages of HRWR admixture were introduced to a matrix with fly ash/cement weight ratio of 2.8 and water/cementitious material weight ratio of 0.23. Dogbone-shaped and 50 mm cube specimens were used to investigate uniaxial tensile and compressive properties of HTPP-ECC, respectively. Test results showed that control of flowability in a certain range is required to achieve robust tensile ductility. A further improvement in tensile ductility and mechanical properties of HTPP-ECC was achieved through water-curing instead of air curing typically used for PVA-ECC. The basic mechanisms that enhance tensile ductility of HTPP-ECC through flowability control, mixing procedure modification, and water-curing are discussed from the view point of micromechanics underlying ECC design, with supporting evidence from fiber bridging stress-crack width (sigma-delta) relations. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.