Performance assessment of hydrogen production from a solar-assisted biomass gasification system


KALINCI Y., HEPBAŞLI A., Dincer I.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.38, no.14, pp.6120-6129, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 14
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.01.109
  • Journal Name: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.6120-6129
  • Keywords: Solar energy, Hydrogen, Biomass, Sustainability, Energy, Exergy, LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT, STEAM-GASIFICATION, ENERGY STRATEGIES, EXERGY ANALYSIS, WATER, SUSTAINABILITY, REACTOR, FEASIBILITY, EFFICIENCY, DESIGN
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In this study, we investigate a solar-assisted biomass gasification system for hydrogen production and assess its performance thermodynamically using actual literature data. We also analyze the entire system both energetically and exergetically and evaluate its performance through both energy and exergy efficiencies. Three feedstocks, namely beech charcoal, sewage sludge and fluff, are considered as samples in the same reactor. While energy efficiencies vary from 14.14% to 27.29%, exergy efficiencies change from 10.43% to 23.92%. We use a sustainability index (SI), as a function of exergy efficiency, to calculate the impacts on sustainable development and environment. This index changes from 1.12 to 1.31 due to intensive utilization of solar energy. Also, environmental impact of these systems is evaluated through calculating the specific greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. They are determined to be 17.97, 17.51 and 26.74 g CO2/MJ H-2 for beech charcoal, sewage sludge and fluff, respectively. Copyright (C) 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.