Flavonoids regulate cell death-related cellular signaling via ROS in human colon cancer cells

DÜKEL M., Tavsan Z., Kayali H.

PROCESS BIOCHEMISTRY, vol.101, pp.11-25, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 101
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.procbio.2020.10.002
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.11-25
  • Keywords: Colon cancer, Flavonoid, ROS, CAM, PKC, Cell death
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Although several studies investigated effects of flavonoids on proliferation and apoptosis, yet no study has correlated the cellular damage caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, cell death related pathways and cell adhesion molecules (CAM) expression with cell survival. Here, we investigate cytotoxic effect of catechin, epicatechin and naringenin on colon cancer cells. While especially naringenin demonstrated most significant inhibition of colon cancer cell viability, high concentrations treatment did not exhibit more pronounced effect in colon epithelial cells. In addition, these flavonoids caused excessive ROS generation resulting in the impairment of lipid and protein, followed by the induction of apoptosis and autophagy. In details, mechanism studies revealed that elevated ROS production leads to caspase activation and pretreated NAC, an antioxidant, blocks catechins and naringenin induced apoptosis and autophagy. PKC activity assay data also showed that catechin and naringenin treatment decreases PKC activity that leads to cell death. Moreover, studied flavonoids, especially naringenin, induced G2/M cell cycle arrest in a ROS-independent manner. Furthermore, the studied flavonoids suppressed or decreased the expression of the cancer progression and metastasis-related cell adhesion molecules. Taken together, our results indicate that studied flavonoids suppress colon cancer cell growth via inducing cell death in ROS dependent manner.