The clinical significance of p53, p21, and p27 expressions in rectal carcinoma


Lebe B., SARIOĞLU S., SÖKMEN S., ELLİDOKUZ H., Fuzun M., Kupelioglu A.

APPLIED IMMUNOHISTOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR MORPHOLOGY, vol.13, no.1, pp.38-44, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/00129039-200503000-00007
  • Journal Name: APPLIED IMMUNOHISTOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR MORPHOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.38-44
  • Keywords: rectal carcinoma, prognosis, p53, p21, p27, DEPENDENT KINASE INHIBITOR, CELL-CYCLE INHIBITOR, COLORECTAL-CARCINOMA, P27(KIP1) EXPRESSION, P21(WAF1/CIP1) EXPRESSION, PREOPERATIVE RADIOTHERAPY, PROGNOSTIC-SIGNIFICANCE, PROTEIN ALTERATIONS, POTENTIAL MEDIATOR, NORMAL MUCOSA
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Many checkpoint proteins that are involved in the control of the cell cycle and apoptosis have been investigated, but only a few studies have evaluated the prognostic significance of multiple factors only in rectal carcinomas. The aim of this study was to determine the role of p53, p21, and p27 protein expression as a prognostic factor in rectal carcinomas. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue blocks from 45 rectal adenocarcinomas with appropriate clinical and prognostic data were examined. The standard streptavidin-biotin immunoperoxidase method was used for irruounostaining with p53 protein, p21 WAF1/Cip1 protein, and p27 Kip I protein. The extent of positive p53, p21, and p27 staining was graded semiquantitatively. The clinicopathologic and prognostic features were statistically analyzed. No significant association was found between p53 status and p21 or p27 protein expression (x(2) test, P = 0.42 and P = 0.18 respectively). There was no correlation between the expressions of p53, p21, and p27, and conventional clinicopathologic features. The mean time interval to recurrence was 25.7 +/- 24.7 months (range, 0-54 months). p53, p21, and p27 expression was not associated significantly with recurrence and distant metastasis. However, a significant relationship was found between the expression of p27 protein and hepatic metastasis (independent samples t-test, P = 0.007). The authors concluded that p53, p27, and p21 protein expression was not related to the clinicopathologic parameters, tumor aggressiveness, metastatic potential, and survival in rectal carcinomas. Further studies are needed to evaluate the predictors of outcome in rectal cancer, considering a variety of prognosticators.