Examination of Telemental Health Practices in Caregivers of Children and Adolescents with Mental Illnesses: A Systematic Review

Dorttepe Z. U., Duman Z.

ISSUES IN MENTAL HEALTH NURSING, vol.43, no.7, pp.625-637, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01612840.2021.2013366
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ASSIA, Abstracts in Social Gerontology, CINAHL, Educational research abstracts (ERA), EMBASE, Gender Studies Database, MEDLINE, Psycinfo, Public Affairs Index, Violence & Abuse Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.625-637
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


In this systematic review, effects of telemental health (TMH) practices' on caregivers of children/adolescents with mental illnesses were investigated. The literature review included databases, and reference lists of published studies. All studies published until September 2021 were reviewed. Eleven studies were included. Several services were provided via TMH: education, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), parent training, caregiver behavior training, family CBT. The effectiveness of TMH interventions on caregivers varied from low to high. Most reproducible findings were on caregivers' satisfaction, stress, therapeutic alliance and caregiver burden. Studies had a low to high bias risk. Most studies had small samples. Results built on the small but growing literature support TMH interventions' promising role in caregivers of children with mental illness. Future studies should estimate outcomes with medium to low effect size. Other caregiver groups, rarely considered in previous studies, should be included. Bias risk should be minimized. Larger, more methodologically rigorous studies should be conducted.