Smoke-free Turkey: Evaluation of outdoor areas of public places

Kaplan B., Grau-Perez M., ÇARKOĞLU A., ERGÖR G., HAYRAN K. M., Navas-Acien A., ...More

ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, vol.175, pp.79-83, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 175
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.envres.2019.05.003
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.79-83
  • Keywords: Turkey, Outdoor secondhand smoke, EXPOSURE, INDOOR
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Significance: Secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) exposure is a major cause of morbidity and mortality around the world. The objective of this study was to evaluate the presence of smoking in outdoor areas of public places in three largest Turkish cities (Istanbul, Ankara, and Izmir).