The effect of virtual reality on pain, fear, and anxiety during access of a port with huber needle in pediatric hematology-oncology patients: Randomized controlled trial

Özalp Gerçeker G., Bektaş M., Aydınok Y., Ören H., Ellidokuz H., Olgun N.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ONCOLOGY NURSING, vol.50, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 50
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ejon.2020.101886
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, ASSIA, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Keywords: Pediatric hematology-oncology, Port catheter, Virtual reality, Pain, Fear, Anxiety, STATE ANXIETY, SELF-REPORT, CHILDREN, DISTRACTION, CANCER, SCALE, FEASIBILITY, VALIDATION, MANAGEMENT, DISTRESS
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose: Port needle insertions are painful and distressing for Pediatric Hematology-Oncology patients. Virtual Reality (VR) can be used during needle-related procedures in these patients. This study aimed to investigate the effect of VR distraction during access to the venous port with a Huber needle in reducing needle-related pain, fear, and anxiety of children and adolescents with cancer.