Evaluation of Streptococcus species isolated from subclinical sheep mastitis by molecular methods and determination of virulence factors and antimicrobial resistance genes

Özavcı V., Yüksel H. T., Kırkan Ş., Seferoğlu Y., Semen Z., Parın U.

VETERINARNI MEDICINA, vol.68, no.9, pp.359-367, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 68 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.17221/42/2023-vetmed
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, CAB Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.359-367
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Streptococcus (S.) species are important pathogens that cause mastitis in sheep. The study aimed to examine Streptococcus species in sheep milk with subclinical mastitis, assessing their prevalence, antimicrobial resistance, and virulence genes. A total of 200 milk samples were collected from sheep farms in İzmir’s five districts. Out of 32 (28.6%) Streptococcus isolates identified by phenotypic methods, 25 were genotypically identified as S. uberis, 5 as S. agalactiae, and 2 as S. dysgalactiae. Disk diffusion was used to determine the antimicrobial resistance of the isolates. PCR was employed to identify antimicrobial resistance and virulence genes in the isolates. The highest resistance was found for cloxacillin (100%), and the highest sensitivity was found for florfenicol (84%). The most common resistance gene combination was tetM+tetS (3/32) for S. uberis in 9.4%. A total of five virulence genes were detected. GapC+sua (56.2%) constituted the most common gene pattern. The highest virulence gene gapC was detected in 78.1% (25/32) of the isolates. The cylE gene was not detected (0%) in the isolates. Streptococcus species may play a role in mastitis in sheep, emphasising the need for meticulous hygienic milking practices.