Study of Geosites of Geopark Kula-Salihli and Their Evaluation As Per Turkey’s Geosites Framework List Criterias

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Aydın B., Sümer Ö., Eski S.

International Symposium on Geomorphology - 2022, Manisa, Turkey, 6 - 08 October 2022, pp.3-4

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Manisa
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.3-4
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Kula-Salihli Geopark is located in an area that has hosted many people, events and
geological activities from ancient times to the present. The “Burnt Country (Katakekaumene)”,
Turkiye’s first UNESCO Geopark since 2013, which contains unique geosites is one the important
geological heritage sites that offers us 250 million years of geological diversity with volcanic
cones and craters, maars, lava flows, fairy chimneys and prehistoric footprints. In this study,
since there is no detailed geological map including the geosites, only a few geosites were defined
in the light of geological geomorphological data and most of the remaining geosites were not
defined, it was aimed to fill these deficiencies and bring them to the literature. Another goal of
the study is to prepare the basic digital data set for the Kula-Salihli Geopark, which is very
important for our countery, by using GIS (Geographic Information Systems) based methods with
unlimited data processing variety. Geopark contains a total of 73 sites consisting of geological,
geomorphological, geoarchaeological, geoecological and cultural sites in an area of
approximately 2530 km2 located on the K19-K20-K21-L20-L21 1/100,000 scaled maps, including the district centers of Kula-Salihli. Although 46 of these 73 sites are geosites, in
accordance with the main purpose of the study, 32 of these geosites are Geomorphological
Structures (Group F), 8 Volcanic-Metamorphic and Sedimentary Petrology (Group C), 2
Environmental (Group B), 2 Mineralogical and Economic (Group D), 2 Structural (Group E);
according to the cristeria of “Turkiye’s Geosites Framework List (Geoframework)” proposed by
Kazancı et al. (2015), which includes 10 categories and 85 titles, 5 different titles were used and
grouped by placing them in the relevant classes. Following, these geosites were dropped on the
detailed geological map and generalized stratigraphic column section prepared in GIS
environment nad created by using geoscience datasets in the literature. Our study shows that;
the first and most important element to be done in a geopark study area is to first create a
geological data inventory in the field in the light of all the earth science researches in the field
and start with the processing of these data into a georeferenced geological map. On the other
hand, it is very important to classify the defined geosites according to the “Turkiye’s Geosites
Framework List”. It is expected that these work steps, which ensure the elimination of
deficiencies, will provide a guideline for all geoparks to be registered and/or about to be