Left atrial appendage-flow velocity predicts cardioversion success in atrial fibrillation

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Akdeniz B., Badak Ö., Baris N., Aslan O., Kirimli O., Goldeli O., ...More

TOHOKU JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE, vol.208, no.3, pp.243-250, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 208 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1620/tjem.208.243
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.243-250
  • Keywords: cardioversion, left atrial appendage (LAA) function, atrial fibrillation, ELECTRICAL CARDIOVERSION, SINUS RHYTHM, TRANSESOPHAGEAL ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, MAINTENANCE
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Restoration of sinus rhythm by electrical cardioversion is a therapeutic option in appropriately selected patients with atrial fibrillation. It is important to determine predictors of electrical cardioversion outcome in patients with atrial fibrillation. Predictive value of clinical and conventional echocardiographic parameters for predicting cardioversion outcome is limited. The role of left atrial appendage (LAA) function, which may reflect left atrial contractile function, for prediction of cardioversion outcome remains unclear. We conducted a single center prospective study to evaluate the role of LAA function for prediction of cardioversion success in patients with atrial fibrillation. One hundred sixty three patients with atrial fibrillation underwent transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) before electrical cardioversion. LAA functions, including LAA peak flow velocity, LAA area and LAA ejection fraction, were examined. Cardioversion was successful in 133 patients and unsuccessful in 30 patients. Mean LAA peak emptying flow velocity was significantly higher in the patients with successful cardioversion than in those with unsuccessful cardioversion (0.34 +/- 0.14 vs 0.27 +/- 0.1 m/sec; p = 0.013). At multivariate logistic regression analysis, only LAA flow velocity (>0.28 m/sec, odds ratio = 2.8; p = 0.03) proved to be an independent predictor of cardioversion success. LAA area (p = 0.18) and LAA ejection fraction (p = 0.52) were not different between successful and unsuccessful cardioversion groups. Therefore, measurement of LAA flow velocity provides valuable information for prediction of cardioversion outcome in patients with atrial fibrillation before TEE guided cardioversion.