Cognitive correlates of hoarding symptoms: An exploratory study with a non-Western community sample

YORULMAZ O., Dermihan N.

JOURNAL OF OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE AND RELATED DISORDERS, vol.7, pp.16-23, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jocrd.2015.08.003
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.16-23
  • Keywords: Hoarding, Attachment to possessions, Indecisiveness, Metacognition, Ways of coping, OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER, METACOGNITIONS, QUESTIONNAIRE, INVENTORY, FEATURES, EPIDEMIOLOGY, INDIVIDUALS, VERSION
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


The cognitive behavioral model of hoarding, focusing on real/perceived deficits in cognitive processes, beliefs about possessions and avoidance, is mainly supported by several studies with Western samples. However, owing to the possible impact of cultural characteristics, more research is needed to support cognitive correlates of hoarding in a variety of cultures and to understand the role of the various ways of coping. Hence, the present study examines the relationships between certain cognitive constructs, namely attachment to possessions, indecisiveness, metacognitive beliefs and ways of coping with hoarding symptoms. We collected data from a Turkish community sample using self-report measures and performed correlation and regression analyses. The results confirmed the roles of indecisiveness, emotional attachment to belongingness, positive and negative beliefs about worries and cognitive confidence in hoarding symptoms. Moreover, the following factors also seemed to be associated with these symptoms: greater use of indirect ways of coping, including escape/avoidance, belief in supernatural forces, accepting responsibility, keeping to self, and less use of planned problem solving. In addition to highlighting the role of culture-specific descriptions and empirical studies, the current findings may be viewed as preliminary evidence that validates the current model and roles of various ways of coping. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.