Isolation and characterization of novel chitinolytic bacteria


GÜRKÖK S., GÖRMEZ A.

AIP Conference Proceedings, vol.1726, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1726
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1063/1.4945843
  • Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Chitin, a linear polymer of beta-1,4-N-acetylglucosamine units, is one of the most abundant biopolymers widely distributed in the marine and terrestrial environments. It is found as a structural component of insects, crustaceans and the cell walls of fungi. Chitinases, the enzymes degrading chitin by cleaving the beta-(1-4) bond, have gained increased attention due to their wide range of biotechnological applications, especially for biocontrol of harmful insects and phytopathogenic fungi in agriculture. In the present study, 200 bacterial isolates from Western Anatolia Region of Turkey were screened for chitinolytic activity on agar media amended with colloidal chitin. Based on the chitin hydrolysis zone, 13 isolates were selected for further study. Bacterial isolates with the highest chitinase activity were identified as Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, Arthrobacter oxydans, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus megaterium, Brevibacillus reuszeri, Kocuria erythromyxa, Kocuria rosea, Novosphingobium capsulatum, Rhodococcus bratislaviensis, Rhodococcus fascians and Staphylococcus cohnii by MIS and BIOLOG systems. The next aims of the study are to compare the productivity of these bacteria quantitatively, to purify the enzyme from the most potent producer and to apply the pure enzyme for the fight against the phytopathogenic fungi and harmful insects.