Congenital methaemoglobinaemia Type I in a Turkish infant due to a novel mutation, Pro144Ser, in NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase


Percy M., Oren H., Savage G., Irken G.

HEMATOLOGY JOURNAL, vol.5, no.4, pp.367-370, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 5 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1038/sj.thj.6200380
  • Journal Name: HEMATOLOGY JOURNAL
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)
  • Page Numbers: pp.367-370
  • Keywords: recessive congenital methaemoglobinaemia, methaemoglobin, NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase, enzyme deficiency, novel mutation, HEREDITARY METHEMOGLOBINEMIA, HUMAN-ERYTHROCYTES, GENE, DEFICIENCY, SEQUENCE, CYANOSIS
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

A baby centrally cyanosed from birth was investigated for a congenital cardiac defect. Echocardiography and angiography revealed patent foramen ovale without any other cardiac abnormality. Congenital methaemoglobinaemia was considered as the methaemoglobin level was 27%. suggesting either Hb M or a deficiency of the NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase (cytb5r) enzyme. Measurement of the cytb5r enzyme activity of this patient indicated a reduced level of 7.3 IU/g Hb (normal range 11.5-26.9 IU/g Hb). Sequencing the DIA I gene that encodes cytb5r revealed a novel C403T base change, predicting a proline to serine change at codon 144. This amino-acid change is not located in the enzyme's active site and does not cause loss of function. Instead it results in reduced stability of the enzyme and development of the less severe or Type I form of recessive congenital methaemoglobinaemia. The infant was started on daily ascorbic acid treatment. She has very mild cyanosis and normal growth and developmental parameters on follow-up at 10 months of age.