A comparison of the relationship between manual dexterity and postural control in young and older individuals with Parkinson's disease


KALKAN A. C., Kahraman T., Ugut B. O., DÖNMEZ ÇOLAKOĞLU B., GENÇ A.

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE, vol.75, pp.89-93, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 75
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jocn.2020.03.018
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.89-93
  • Keywords: Aging, Manual dexterity, Postural control, Functionality, Parkinson's disease, UPPER EXTREMITY FUNCTION, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, 9-HOLE PEG TEST, STROKE PATIENTS, CORE STABILITY, BALANCE, AGE, RELIABILITY, PEOPLE, PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) cause deterioration in manual dexterity. This deterioration affects independence in activities of daily living negatively. The loss of postural control, which occurs more frequently with disease progression, restricts physical functions and reduces mobility in patients with PD. Impaired postural control may affect distal mobility of an individual. The aim of this study was to investigate postural control and manual dexterity in individuals <= 65 and >65 years with PD and analyze the relationship between these variables according to age. Sixty-six individuals with PD participated in the study. The participants were categorized according to age (n = 29 for 65 years of age or younger and n = 37 for older). Manual dexterity (Dominant and Non-dominant hand) was assessed by the Nine Hole Peg Test (NHPT). Postural control was evaluated by the Limit of Stability Test (LoS) using a computerized balance measuring instrument. There was no statistically significant difference between the age groups on the combined dependent variables after controlling for disability, gender, weight, and height; F(7, 54) = 0.804, p = 0.587. Only LoS-Maximum Excursion was higher in the individuals <= 65 years (p = 0.035). Significant correlations were found between NHPT-Dominant and LoS-Reaction Time, LoS-Maximum Excursion; NHPT-Non-dominant and LoS-Reaction Time, LoS-Endpoint Excursion, LoS-Maximum Excursion in the older group (p < 0.05). There was no difference manual dexterity and postural control according to age except for LoS-Maximum Excursion. LoS-Maximum Excursion was higher in the young group. The manual dexterity was associated with postural control in individuals over 65 years of age with PD; however, not associated in younger individuals. (C) 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.