The effect of constructivist theory on the students' achievement and their way of constructing knowledge in science education


Cetin O., Gunay Y.

EGITIM VE BILIM-EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, vol.32, no.146, pp.24-38, 2007 (SSCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 146
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Journal Name: EGITIM VE BILIM-EDUCATION AND SCIENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.24-38
  • Keywords: constructivism theory, science teaching, teaching models, cooperative learning
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The aim of this research is to examine the effects of interactive group works and using different active learning methods leaning against constructivist theory on students' achievement and their way of constructing the knowledge by using the unit 'What are the things present in our body? How do we perceive our environment?' which is placed in 60, grade of science lesson in elementary education. In this research, the experimental group was taught by active teaching methods and techniques and cooperative learning which was based by constructivist theory. However the control group was taught traditionally. Before and after the application, each group was given achievement tests, which was designed by the researcher. An interview was made with both of the groups in order to understand how the students construct the knowledge. Besides, each group received a last test of two-tier questions after the application. Finally, the effects of constructivism on the students' achievement and their way of constructing the knowledge were examined and it is seen that there are significant differences in favor of experimental group.