Gender Distribution of Editorial Board Members In Critical Care Journals: Assessment of Gender Parity


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Yakar M. N., Köşker R. K., İbişoğlu E., Kara F., Hancı V.

II. Uluslarası Katılımlı Anesteziyoloji ve Reanimasyon Sempozyumu, Ankara, Turkey, 2 - 03 December 2022, pp.324-328

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Ankara
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.324-328
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

INTRODUCTION - PURPOSE: Gender disparity is a crucial problem in medicine and has been debated more than ever in recent years (1-6). However, gender diversity on editorial boards of critical care journals remains unclear. This cross-sectional study aims to analyze the gender distribution of editorial board members of critical care journals and reveal the independent factors related to gender diversity.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was approved by the local ethics committee (Date:31.08.2022 and number:2022/28-07). Editorial board members of the critical care journals indexing in Web of Science, Science Citation Index-Expanded core collection were enrolled in the study. Participants’ genders were defined according to first names/pictures obtained from journals’ websites between 01 and 30 September 2022. Publisher properties and journal metrics were also recorded. Chi-square, Fisher exact, Mann–Whitney U tests, and Spearman's correlation coefficient were used for the analysis. Independent factors related to gender diversity were revealed by using logistic regression analysis.

RESULTS: Women's representation on editorial boards and among editors-in-chief were 23.6% and 11.1%, respectively. The United States of America (odds ratio [OR], 0.04, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.01–0.15, p < 0.001) and Netherlands (OR, 0.04, 95% CI, 0.01–0.16, p < 0.001) as publisher’s countries, an IF > 5 (OR, 0.25, 95% CI, 0.17–0.38, p < 0.001), publication duration < 30 years (OR, 0.09, 95% CI, 0.06–0.12, p < 0.001), multidisciplinary perspective of editorial policy (OR, 0.46, 95% CI, 0.32–0.65, p < 0.001), journals categorized in critical care medicine and nursing (OR, 0.38, 95% CI, 0.22–0.66, p < 0.001), and being a section editor (OR, 0.49, 95% CI, 0.32–0.74, p = 0.001) were associated with gender parity. Europe as a journal continent (OR, 36.71, 95% CI, 8.39–160.53, p < 0.001) was related to gender disparity.

DISCUSSION - CONCLUSION: Further efforts are needed to expand diversity policies to foster fair conditions for all persons in critical care medicine.