Effects of Pattern and Raw Material on Softness and Smoothness Properties of Nonwovens

Balcı Kılıç G., Çelikten E., Kaya Nacarkahya T., Aydoğan D. F.

8th INTERNATIONAL TECHNICAL TEXTILES CONGRESS, İzmir, Turkey, 13 - 14 October 2022, pp.117-122

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: İzmir
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.117-122
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, the effects of pattern and raw material on softness and smoothness properties of nonwovens were investigated. For this reason, spunlaced nonwoven fabrics with three different patterns (plain, dots and apertured) were produced. 100% polyester, 100% viscose, 50%-50% polyester-viscose, 50%-50% lyocell-viscose and 100% Ecocell fibres were used as raw materials for nonwoven fabrics. Within the scope of the study, in addition to synthetic fibres, biodegradable fibres and their mixtures have been preferred as raw materials due to the increasing importance of biodegradability and recycling in recent years. Softness and smoothness properties of nonwoven fabrics were measured by EMTEC TSA Softness Analyzer. Statistical analyzes (ANOVA and pairwise comparison) were performed using the SPSS 24 program with a confidence interval of 95%.