Seven lead seals from Mysia and Bithynia (northwestern Turkey)

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Laflı E., Seibt W., Çağlayan D.

BYZANTIAKA (THESSALONIKI), vol.36, pp.163-179, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Journal Indexes: MLA - Modern Language Association Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.163-179
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Abstract: In this paper seven lead seals from the Museum of Bandırma (Byzantine Panormos) in northeastern Mysia, and Museum of Bilecik (Byzantine Belikome) in Bithynia, have been presented which stretch a time period between the late seventh and early 13th centuries A.D. Thus, it offers a descriptive listing of the Byzantine seals contained in two northwestern Turkish museums in the region of Marmara. In the introduction part both museums have been presented briefly. Owners of these seven seals were primarily ecclesiastical, juristic or military dignitaries who were probably active in Mysia or in Bithynia. Their catalogue ends with a substantial contextualisation and discussion. By this way this article does not only give readers an argument of sigilliographic results for Mysia and Bithynia, but also leads to new conclusions about the less-known Byzantine history and dignitaries of this part of northwestern Asia Minor as well as Byzantine sigillography in general.


Keywords: Lead seals, the Museum of Bandırma, the Museum of Bilecik, Panormos, Mysia, Bithynia, sigillography, Early Byzantine period, Middle Byzantine period, Late Byzantine period.