PM3 semiempirical study and its comparison with X-ray crystal structure of 2-methyl-4-(4-methoxyphenylazo)phenol

Iskeleli N. O., KARABIYIK H., Albayrak C., Petek H., Agar E.

STRUCTURAL CHEMISTRY, vol.17, no.4, pp.393-399, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11224-006-9051-z
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.393-399
  • Keywords: azo compound, PM3, crystal structure, fibroid structure, hydrogen bond, ISOMERIZATION, OPTIMIZATION, PARAMETERS
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: No


The crystal and molecular structure of 2-methyl-4-(4-methoxyphenylazo)phenol have been determined by X-ray single crystal diffraction technique. The compound crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P2(1)/c with a=9.7763(8) angstrom, b=11.3966(8) angstrom, c=11.9531(8) angstrom and beta=108.752(6)degrees. In addition to the molecular geometry from X-ray experiment, its optimized molecular structure has been obtained with the aid of PM3 semiempirical quantum mechanical method, and then the corresponding geometric parameters were compared with those of X-ray crystallography. To determine conformational flexibility and crystal packing effects on the molecules, molecular energy profile of the title compound was obtained with respect to two selected degrees of torsional freedom, which were varied from -180 degrees to +180 degrees in steps of 10 degrees. Crystal structure of the title compound is a fibroid structure constructed by C-(HO)-O-... and O-(HN)-N-... type intermolecular hydrogen bonds. The most favorable conformer of the title compound has been determined by the crystal packing effects and there is no steric hindrance during rotation around the selected torsion angles.