Voltage-Mode Multifunction and Universal Biquads with Two CFOAs

Dogan M., Yuce E., Dicle Z.

Journal of Circuits, Systems and Computers, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1142/s0218126624501962
  • Journal Name: Journal of Circuits, Systems and Computers
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Applied Science & Technology Source, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC
  • Keywords: CFOA, multifunction filter, Second-order, universal filter, voltage-mode
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


In this paper, a new voltage-mode (VM) multifunction filter including only two grounded capacitors, three resistors, and two current feedback operational amplifiers is introduced. This filter with one high input impedance and two low output impedances can simultaneously provide band-pass filter (BPF) and low-pass filter (LPF) responses with an adjustable gain. A universal VM filter topology with three inputs and one output generating high-pass filter (HPF), BPF, LPF, notch filter, and all-pass filter (APF) responses is obtained from the multifunction one. It has the same number of active and passive elements as the multifunction and a low output impedance. Sensitivities of both introduced filters are low enough. However, the APF of the introduced universal filter has a passive element-matching problem. As an example, parasitic impedance effects are considered for the LPF of the universal filter, while non-ideal gain analyses are given for the HPF. To see how the introduced universal filter works, countless simulations are performed through the SPICE (Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis) program in which 0.13 μm IBM CMOS technology parameters are utilized. DC supply voltages are selected as ± 0.9 V. Also, several experiments using commercially available AD844s with ± 10 V supply voltages are carried out to see the performance.