At the end of the eighteenth century, inspired by the Enlightenment ideas, the French Revolution triggered decisive artistic engagements in the Western history. Among the legacies of the Revolution, the establishment of the Paris Conservatory stands out, which since then, has achieved a reputation as the main musical schools in France and a worldwide aesthetic reference. This article reviews the 226-years history of the Paris Conservatory focusing in detail on the formation and education structure of the harp department. This department has earned global respect not only for the prestige of its instructors and award-winning students, but mainly for its contribution in the compositional area and development of the repertoire of this instrument. For the purpose of investigation, a literary research on the subject was carried out and the findings were narrated according to the descriptive method. The study synthesises evolution of the harp as a French triumph through an aesthetic sociological and institutional economic view.