Evaluation of functional constipation frequency and related factors

Cifci I., Gokdemir O., Aygun O., Guldal D.

FAMILY PRACTICE, no.2, pp.268-272, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1093/fampra/cmac108
  • Journal Name: FAMILY PRACTICE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ASSIA, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.268-272
  • Keywords: functional constipation, obsessive-compulsive disorder, personality traits, ROME IV criteria, RISK-FACTORS, EPIDEMIOLOGY, PREVALENCE, PERSONALITY
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Background/Introduction The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of functional constipation (FC) in Izmir using ROME IV criteria, as well as to investigate the relationship of FC with various factors, particularly obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and personality traits. Methods This study was designed as cross-sectional analytical research. The participants were those aged 18 and over who applied to Family Health Centers (FHC). Participants were randomly selected from 11 FHC. Data were collected via a face-to-face interview, a questionnaire designed by the researcher using ROME IV criteria, the OCD module in the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview, and the Ten-Item Personality Inventory. Results The study included 990 participants, 502 (50.7%) women and 488 (49.3%) men. According to the ROME IV criteria, 7% (n = 69) of the participants in our study had FC. OCD was found to be present in 13% of the cases. This rate was found to be significantly higher (P = 0.003). The emotional stability scores of FC patients were found to be significantly lower (P = 0.038). Conclusions FC is a common gastrointestinal system complaint in primary care and emphasizes the importance of the diagnostic approach, particularly in patients presenting with constipation due to treatment differences. Individuals with FC diagnoses had a significantly higher incidence of OCD, and their emotional stability levels were significantly lower. It should be noted that psychiatric diseases and personality traits may also play a role in this situation in individuals diagnosed with FC.