The Use of Essential Oils of Origanum rotundifolium as Antimicrobial Agent Against Plant Pathogenic Bacteria


GÖRMEZ A., Bozari S., Yanmis D., GÜLLÜCE M., AĞAR G., Sahin F.

JOURNAL OF ESSENTIAL OIL BEARING PLANTS, vol.19, no.3, pp.656-663, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/0972060x.2014.935052
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF ESSENTIAL OIL BEARING PLANTS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.656-663
  • Keywords: O. rotundifolium, Plant pathogen, Antibacterial activity, GC-MS, thymol, carvacrol, p-cymene, ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY, CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION, ANTIOXIDANT, EXTRACTS, PARTS
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: No

Abstract

In this study, the antibacterial effect of Origanum rotundifolium Boiss's essential oil was evaluated against 20 plant pathogenic bacteria. The essential oil (EO) of O. rotundifolium was hydrodistillated from wild O. rotundifolium plants that grown in Eastern Anatolia region of Turkey. Then, 10 chemical compounds of EO were identified via gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The main compounds were determined as thymol (40.86 %-GC), carvacrol (43.62 %), p-cymene (5.95 %) and borneol (2.49 %). According to the results of the study, the essential oil of O. rotundifolium exhibits considerable antibacterial effect against pathogenic bacteria that cause significantly crop loss.