The effect of yoga on care burden, quality of life and psychological well being of caregivers individuals with special needs: a randomized controlled trial

Özdemir T., KARADAĞ G.

Current Psychology, 2023 (SSCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12144-023-05481-5
  • Journal Name: Current Psychology
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, IBZ Online, BIOSIS, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Psycinfo
  • Keywords: Care burden, Caregivers for individuals with special needs, Psychological well-being, Quality of life, Yoga
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


This study examined the effects of technology-assisted yoga on care burden, quality of life, and psychological well-being among caregivers of individuals with special needs. This study is designed pretest-posttest, follow-up, and control group randomized controlled trial. Data were collected from a sample of 60 caregivers of individuals with special needs. Data collection involved the use of a Socio-demographic Data Collection Form, the Caregiver Burden Scale, the Multidimensional Index of Life Quality, and the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale. Measurements were taken before the yoga intervention, as well as at the 3rd and 6th months during the intervention. Statistical analyses included the student’s t test, Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test, repeated measures ANOVA, and Fisher LSD. SPSS 24.0 and STATISTICA software packages were utilized for data analysis. The effect size and post hoc power were assessed using G Power Initial caregiver scores were found to be moderate. Significant differences were observed among the groups, over time, and in group*time comparisons for various sub-dimensions of the care burden scale, life quality scale, and mental well-being scale. The study yielded large effect sizes and a post hoc power of over.94 for all scales in the posttest and follow-up analyses. The findings indicate that a 6-month yoga program for caregivers of individuals with special needs reduced care burden and enhanced quality of life and psychological well-being. Trial Registration: This study is registered at (registration number: NCT05218291).