Bridging Plant and Human Radiation Response and DNA Repair through an In Silico Approach

Nikitaki Z., Pavlopoulou A., Hola M., Dona M., Michalopoulos I., Balestrazzi A., ...More

CANCERS, vol.9, no.6, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/cancers9060065
  • Journal Name: CANCERS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: DNA damage repair, in silico analysis, bioinformatics, ionizing radiation, ultraviolet radiation, plant radiation biodosimeter, DAMAGE RESPONSE, IONIZING-RADIATION, PROTEINS, CANCER, RESISTANCE, BREAKAGE, DATABASE, BRCA1
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: No


The mechanisms of response to radiation exposure are conserved in plants and animals. The DNA damage response (DDR) pathways are the predominant molecular pathways activated upon exposure to radiation, both in plants and animals. The conserved features of DDR in plants and animals might facilitate interdisciplinary studies that cross traditional boundaries between animal and plant biology in order to expand the collection of biomarkers currently used for radiation exposure monitoring (REM) in environmental and biomedical settings. Genes implicated in trans-kingdom conserved DDR networks often triggered by ionizing radiation (IR) and UV light are deposited into biological databases. In this study, we have applied an innovative approach utilizing data pertinent to plant and human genes from publicly available databases towards the design of a plant radiation biodosimeter', that is, a plant and DDR gene-based platform that could serve as a REM reliable biomarker for assessing environmental radiation exposure and associated risk. From our analysis, in addition to REM biomarkers, a significant number of genes, both in human and Arabidopsis thaliana, not yet characterized as DDR, are suggested as possible DNA repair players. Last but not least, we provide an example on the applicability of an Arabidopsis thalianabased plant system monitoring the role of cancer-related DNA repair genes BRCA1, BARD1 and PARP1 in processing DNA lesions.