Branchial Cleft Cyst with Xanthogranulomatous Inflammation

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SARIOĞLU S., Unlu M., Adali Y., ERDAĞ T. K., MEN S.

Head and Neck Pathology, vol.6, no.1, pp.146-149, 2012 (Scopus) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 6 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12105-011-0287-6
  • Journal Name: Head and Neck Pathology
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.146-149
  • Keywords: Branchial cleft cyst, Cystic squamous cell carcinoma, Differential diagnosis, Neck, Xanthogranulomatous inflammation
  • Dokuz Eylül University Affiliated: Yes


Xanthogranulomatous inflammation (XGI) is a special type of inflammation presenting as mass lesions and mimicking malignant tumors. It is rarely described in the head and neck region, and to the best of our knowledge, there are no cases associated with branchial cleft cyst. A 39-year-old woman with an infiltrative cystic neck mass that radiologically mimicks a malignant tumor is herein presented. The histopathologic diagnosis was a branchial cleft cyst with XGI. XGI may be associated wih branchial cleft cysts. Patients may present with radiologic findings mimicking an invasive malignant tumor, and should be taken into account during the differential diagnosis with cystic squamous cell carcinoma. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.